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Friday, 5 August 2016

Birches by Robert Lee Frost



Literary Analysis (Summary)

Birches is a romantic poem that appreciates the beauty of nature. A birch is an ornamental and pendulous tree that mostly grows near lakes and rivers because it requires well-drained soil for proper growth. This tree grows in temperate climate around the world. An example of such climate is New England in America where Robert Frost had his early childhood. New England is one of the earliest English settlements in America. The Connecticut River which feeds the coastal towns of New England nourishes the birches, which provide a sort of entertainment for children as they delight in swinging the tree.

Friday, 29 April 2016

The Schoolboy by William Blake


Literary Analysis (Summary)

The Schoolboy by William Blake is a romantic poem that appreciates the beauty of nature as a therapeutic tool that awakens one’s power of imagination against all societal constraints. Written in pastoral tradition, this poem explores the downsides of formal learning within the four walls of a classroom. The poem focuses on a little school boy whose imaginative vision is entrapped in the school system that restricts learning to the classroom, rather than a natural environment where his creative tendencies will develop.

The Pulley by George Herbert


Literary Analysis (Summary)

Written in the 17th century, The Pulley is a metaphysical poem that examines the relationship between the creator and the creation. It gives us an insight of how God relates with man and how he regulates man’s life. In this religious poem, George Herbert creates a myth about God’s creation of the world and humankind. He presents this with the metaphor of a pulley, a scientific equipment that has a wheel or set of wheels over which a chain or rope is pulled to lower or lift heavy things.

Crossing the Bar by Alfred Lord Tennyson


Literary Analysis (Summary)

Crossing the Bar is a metaphysical poem that meditates on the inevitability of death and why it should be accepted in fate. The poet talks about the phenomenon of death using the symbolism of a sea voyage. He opines that death is not an end but a transition one must fully prepare for. Crossing the bar is an euphemism that implies crossing the complex and rigorous phase of life to death, which signifies peace and eternal rest.

Model Unseen Prose and Poetry (3)


Read the passage below to answer questions 1-5

A few minutes before the football encounter between Eyimba Football Club and Yankari Football Club was going to begin, all the gates to the Jokolo stadium were shut. The stadium had already been flooded but many people were still outside stadium. These people could not get in because they had no tickets. Just then, he began to push his way between the legs of the crowd. He was almost trampled upon by the crowd as many people were suffocated.

Monday, 22 February 2016

The Anvil and the Hammer by Kofi Awoonor


Literary Analysis (Summary)

Just like Piano and Drums and Vanity, this poem also captures the overwhelming influence of westernization on Africans during the colonial period. The coming of the white men to Africa has produced a telling effect on its culture and beliefs. The poet-speaker’s contact with the western culture infused with his deeply entrenched African root, according to Kofi Awoonor, is like being caught between the anvil and the hammer. Hence, he is cornered to a tight spot in which going either ways produces unpalatable effects. The poet-speaker finds himself in a serious dilemma in which he is indecisive whether to subscribe to his newly-found western ideals or the old African tradition that defines his humanity. The anvil stands for the African culture while the hammer stands for the western culture.

Saturday, 20 February 2016

Ambush by Gbemisola Adeoti


Literary Analysis (Summary)

Several years after independence, most African countries still face a myriad of challenges ranging from corruption, insecurity, war, inter-tribal conflict, economic collapse to lack of employment opportunities. Even with political independence from the colonial masters, there have not been consistent socio-economic development and the establishment of meaningful democratic institutions centred on boosting the growth process in Africa.

Vanity by Birago Diop


Literary Analysis (Summary)

Vanity by Birago Diop exposes the negative effects of the acculturation of some West African countries through the French policy of assimilation during the colonial period. Assimilation was a major policy of French colonial administration in the 19th – 20th century in West Africa. The policy was designed by France to implant French culture and civilization on the local people in its colonies.

The Dining Table by Gbanabom Hallowell


Literary Analysis (Summary)

The Dining Table is a metaphorical depiction of a feast of bloodbath and violence occasioned by the long years of the destructive civil war in Sierra Leone which left about 2.5 million people displaced and 300,000 killed.

The decade-long civil war was between the Sierra Leone Army and the Revolution United Front (RUF), a rebel group that wanted to take control of the government. This snowballed into a bizarre civil war from 1991-2002 around the tablelands of the eastern and southern districts which were rich in alluvial diamonds. The war witnessed brothers decimating one another for the control of power.

Piano and Drums by Gabriel Okara


Literary Analysis (Summary)

The poem, Piano and Drums, symbolises two different cultures that have influenced the poet-speaker, the African and Western culture. The “jungle drums” symbolize the African world, while the “piano” represents the Western world. Gabriel Okara poetically sketches these two different worlds using their creation, musical objects that are associated with them, to create a rhythmic blend of melody that exposes the multifaceted influence of these cultures on him. Therefore, he becomes confused on which path to follow. Africans are known for their talking drums that communicate diverse messages. The piano is strange to Africa. It is a Western musical instrument that found its way to Africa through the coming of the white men.

The Panic of Growing Older by Lenrie Peters


Literary Analysis (summary)

As one grows older, there are accumulations of changes in one’s appearance and lifestyle. With age, the body loses strength and flexibility. Bones shrink in size and physical limitations set in. ageing comes with psychological and physical effects which cause panic. The anxiety of ageing makes it hard to accept these physical changes. One begins to look at life from a different perspective. Life is measured as the clock ticks towards the twilight. One reminisces on the journey towards mortality with fears or satisfaction.

Model Unseen Prose and Poetry (2)


Read the passage below to answer questions 1-5       
For five minutes, Ikenna stood with this unprintable grin on his face, when Debby appeared before him.
“What? I mean, what’s that look?” She asked him. “You mean, you are Debby! My internet lover?” “Are you disappointed?” “No no! You are a beauty queen trust me! But your image on the screen was far too magnificent.” Debby wobbled to another side, saying “I thought we were truly in love.” Ikenna unconsciously uttered aloud to himself “fate! You weren’t fair to me this time!”

Model Unseen Prose and Poetry (1)


Read the passage below to answer questions 1-5
The drummers began the second dance. Gingerly, they strummed their instruments as if afraid to break them. The girls formed their dancing circle. They stopped from side to side as the beat indicated. Then the beat quickened and steps grew faster.
The tempo was rising steadily. In the midst of it all, there was a shout. “Look! She’s here! A golden girl is here.” Every eye turned to where people pointed. Okeke pushed the crown impatiently aside. Then he saw her and stopped. He caught his breath and so he stood.

JAMB syllabus in Literature in English from 2016-2017


The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) examination syllabus for 2016-2017 is to prepare the candidates for the Joint Admission Matriculation Board (JAMB) examination. The UTME harmonized prescribed text books for Literature in English (2016-2017) are as follows: