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Monday, 22 February 2016

The Anvil and the Hammer by Kofi Awoonor


Literary Analysis (Summary)

Just like Piano and Drums and Vanity, this poem also captures the overwhelming influence of westernization on Africans during the colonial period. The coming of the white men to Africa has produced a telling effect on its culture and beliefs. The poet-speaker’s contact with the western culture infused with his deeply entrenched African root, according to Kofi Awoonor, is like being caught between the anvil and the hammer. Hence, he is cornered to a tight spot in which going either ways produces unpalatable effects. The poet-speaker finds himself in a serious dilemma in which he is indecisive whether to subscribe to his newly-found western ideals or the old African tradition that defines his humanity. The anvil stands for the African culture while the hammer stands for the western culture.

Saturday, 20 February 2016

Ambush by Gbemisola Adeoti


Literary Analysis (Summary)

Several years after independence, most African countries still face a myriad of challenges ranging from corruption, insecurity, war, inter-tribal conflict, economic collapse to lack of employment opportunities. Even with political independence from the colonial masters, there have not been consistent socio-economic development and the establishment of meaningful democratic institutions centred on boosting the growth process in Africa.

Vanity by Birago Diop


Literary Analysis (Summary)

Vanity by Birago Diop exposes the negative effects of the acculturation of some West African countries through the French policy of assimilation during the colonial period. Assimilation was a major policy of French colonial administration in the 19th – 20th century in West Africa. The policy was designed by France to implant French culture and civilization on the local people in its colonies.

The Dining Table by Gbanabom Hallowell


Literary Analysis (Summary)

The Dining Table is a metaphorical depiction of a feast of bloodbath and violence occasioned by the long years of the destructive civil war in Sierra Leone which left about 2.5 million people displaced and 300,000 killed.

The decade-long civil war was between the Sierra Leone Army and the Revolution United Front (RUF), a rebel group that wanted to take control of the government. This snowballed into a bizarre civil war from 1991-2002 around the tablelands of the eastern and southern districts which were rich in alluvial diamonds. The war witnessed brothers decimating one another for the control of power.

Piano and Drums by Gabriel Okara


Literary Analysis (Summary)

The poem, Piano and Drums, symbolises two different cultures that have influenced the poet-speaker, the African and Western culture. The “jungle drums” symbolize the African world, while the “piano” represents the Western world. Gabriel Okara poetically sketches these two different worlds using their creation, musical objects that are associated with them, to create a rhythmic blend of melody that exposes the multifaceted influence of these cultures on him. Therefore, he becomes confused on which path to follow. Africans are known for their talking drums that communicate diverse messages. The piano is strange to Africa. It is a Western musical instrument that found its way to Africa through the coming of the white men.

The Panic of Growing Older by Lenrie Peters


Literary Analysis (summary)

As one grows older, there are accumulations of changes in one’s appearance and lifestyle. With age, the body loses strength and flexibility. Bones shrink in size and physical limitations set in. ageing comes with psychological and physical effects which cause panic. The anxiety of ageing makes it hard to accept these physical changes. One begins to look at life from a different perspective. Life is measured as the clock ticks towards the twilight. One reminisces on the journey towards mortality with fears or satisfaction.

Model Unseen Prose and Poetry (2)


Read the passage below to answer questions 1-5       
For five minutes, Ikenna stood with this unprintable grin on his face, when Debby appeared before him.
“What? I mean, what’s that look?” She asked him. “You mean, you are Debby! My internet lover?” “Are you disappointed?” “No no! You are a beauty queen trust me! But your image on the screen was far too magnificent.” Debby wobbled to another side, saying “I thought we were truly in love.” Ikenna unconsciously uttered aloud to himself “fate! You weren’t fair to me this time!”

Model Unseen Prose and Poetry (1)


Read the passage below to answer questions 1-5
The drummers began the second dance. Gingerly, they strummed their instruments as if afraid to break them. The girls formed their dancing circle. They stopped from side to side as the beat indicated. Then the beat quickened and steps grew faster.
The tempo was rising steadily. In the midst of it all, there was a shout. “Look! She’s here! A golden girl is here.” Every eye turned to where people pointed. Okeke pushed the crown impatiently aside. Then he saw her and stopped. He caught his breath and so he stood.

JAMB syllabus in Literature in English from 2016-2017


The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) examination syllabus for 2016-2017 is to prepare the candidates for the Joint Admission Matriculation Board (JAMB) examination. The UTME harmonized prescribed text books for Literature in English (2016-2017) are as follows: